Updated: August 30, 2021 | 42 minute read

    Ever since St Kitts and Nevis issued their citizenship by investment program, the Caribbean countries have become synonymous with second passports.

    In this day and age with ever-increasing conflicts prevalent around the world, many people seek the protection and the freedom that second citizenship or dual citizenship might provide.

    However, most people are under the impression that low-cost citizenship, and a result, a travel passport, is superior to a permanent residency of a more established country even though they roughly cost the same.

    This assumption is far from accurate; much like a Rolls Royce limousine is not better than a Ferrari sports car. It ultimately depends on what the intended use is going to be.

    When Dominica Passport and St Kitts & Nevis Passport are an excellent choice

    There is no doubt that in the realm of travel documents, the Caribbean programs, provide great value in the form of second passports.

    If the ultimate intention is to travel to more countries, than is otherwise possible using your present passport, several programs can fulfil this need.

    These include the most popular programs such as;

    • Dominica Citizenship by Investment;

    • Antigua Citizenship by Investment; and

    • St Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment.

    But to be precise; these Caribbean Citizenship by Investment Programs only grant the right to visit but not to stay indefinitely in any country.

    What we mean here is that while in theory, one is free to permanently live in an exotic Caribbean country, very few people are likely to do so.

    Let us assume that one needs to do more than just enter into any one of the 26 European countries that make up the Schengen area. Under a Schengen visa, one cannot stay for a period longer than the maximum of 90 days in any six months.

    That restriction applies to the whole Schengen area, not just one country. So you cannot merely wander between the border-less European states such as Germany, France, Italy and Malta without leaving since based on the Schengen agreement they are one area.

    And herein, lies the significant difference between established permanent residency programs and entry-level citizenship by investment programs.

    When is Permanent Residency superior to Caribbean Passports?

    Let us assume that one opts to go for a permanent residency program such as that of UK or Malta. Once a person gains permanent residency, s/he earns the right to live in that country - 365 days a year. This superior status enables that person to seek all the benefits that living permanently in that country would provide.

    For example, one might opt to seek employment or open up a business, or send children to private education, and so on.

    If the chosen country, such as Malta, also happens to form part of the Schengen agreement, it automatically grants the rights to travel to;

    Related article: Complete Guide to Malta Permanent Residence by Investment

    Austria-Flag(1) Austria Iceland-Flag(1) Iceland Poland-Flag(1) Poland m_europe
    Belgium Italy-Flag(1) Italy Portugal-Flag(1) Portugal
    Czech-Republic-Flag(1) Czech Republic Latvia-Flag(1) Latvia San-Marino-Flag(1) San Marino
    Denmark-Flag(1) Denmark liechtenstein(1) Liechtenstein Slovakia-Flag(1) Slovakia
    Estonia-Flag(1) Estonia Lithuania-Flag(1) Lithuania Slovenia-Flag(1) Slovenia
    Finland-Flag(1) Finland Luxembourg-Flag(1) Luxembourg Spain-Flag(1) Spain
    France-Flag(1) France Malta-Flag(1) Malta Sweden-Flag(1) Sweden
    Germany-Flag(1) Germany Monaco-Flag(1) Monaco Switzerland-Flag(1) Switzerland
    Greece-Flag(1)  Greece Netherlands-Flag(1) Netherlands Vatican-City-Flag(1)
    Vatican City
    Hungary-Flag(1) Hungary Norway-Flag(1) Norway    

    As a result, a Permanent Residence program can potentially grant unique benefits that are not applicable from particular citizenship by investment programs. It also allows for freedom of travel in many European countries, thus replicating the benefits of a second passport.

    Furthermore, after five years of continuous presence in Malta, one gains the right to Long-Term Residence in the following 25 countries.

    Austria-Flag(1) Austria Germany-Flag(1) Germany Poland-Flag(1) Poland m_europe
    Belgium Greece-Flag(1) Greece Portugal-Flag(1) Portugal
    Bulgaria Hungary-Flag(1) Hungary Romania-Flag(1) Romania
    Croatia-Flag(1) Croatia Italy-Flag(1) Italy Slovakia-Flag(1) Slovakia
    Cyprus-Flag(1) Republic of Cyprus Latvia-Flag(1) Latvia Slovenia-Flag(1) Slovenia
    Czech-Republic-Flag(1) Czech Republic Lithuania-Flag(1) Lithuania Spain-Flag(1) Spain
    Estonia-Flag(1) Estonia Luxembourg-Flag(1) Luxembourg Sweden-Flag(1) Sweden
    Finland-Flag(1) Finland Malta-Flag(1) Malta    
    France-Flag(1) France Netherlands-Flag(1) Netherlands    

    Long-Term Resident Rights

    Long-Term Residents enjoy the same treatment and rights as nationals in specific areas:

    • Access to employment and self-employed activity;

    • Education and vocational training;

    • Social protection and assistance (at least core benefits); and

    • Access to goods and services.


    So if you are looking for a second citizenship or permanent residency, first ask yourself, why you need one in the first place. You might be surprised to arrive at a different answer than what you initially thought.